Elettaria spp.

Elettaria is a genus of 11 accepted flowering species in the family Zingiberaceae. They are native to India and Sri Lanka, but cultivated and naturalized elsewhere. This most renown member of the genus E. cardamomum, known as cardamom, is a commercially important spice used as a flavouring agent in many countries. Known as the 'queen of spices', the green pods of Elettaria cardamomum have been traded for over one thousand years. Sought for its unique and unmistakable warm flavour, this spice has been used as a ceremonial, medicinal and culinary plant for many centuries.