Coffea spp.



Coffea species are shrubs or small trees native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. Within the genus there are over 500 genera and 6,000 species of tropical trees and shrubs. Experts estimate that there are anywhere from 25 to 100 species of coffee plants. The seeds of some species, called coffee beans, are used to flavour various beverages and products. The fruits, like the seeds, contain a large amount of caffeine, and have a distinct sweet taste and are often juiced. Coffea is one of the world's most valuable and widely traded commodity crops and is an important export product of several countries.